Ghana is already experiencing climate change. It is already negatively impacting many farmers. Extreme climate variability – droughts and periods of intense rainfall are likely to increase. It is in this context that two critical questions arise: (1) how to strengthen the resilience of agriculture in the face of climate change and (2) how to reduce the contribution of agriculture to the emission of GHGs.
Agroecology is increasingly seen as providing a potential pathway to addressing both questions. What, then, is agroecology? Agroecology has developed to have three distinct yet interrelated meanings. Initially, its meaning referred to agricultural practices that were attentive to ecological relationships. A second meaning refers to the scientific study of agronomy and ecology. More recently, agroecology is also a movement with a political vision that promotes equity and the democratization of food systems and is inextricably linked to food sovereignty (La Via Campesina).
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